Gone are the days of equating intelligence solely on the basis of IQ tests and an unbroken string of As in exams! Today, it is widely accepted that children (and all of us, for that matter) possess various aptitudes and strengths that demonstrate intelligence in unique ways.
Instead of trying to fit children into a narrow definition of intelligence, many now embrace the concept of Multiple Intelligences (MI), as first developed by renowned psychologist, Howard Gardner in 1983. MI acknowledges that everyone exhibits varying degrees of proficiency in various intelligences. Knowing this allows us to consciously engage our children in activities that will cover all of these intelligences, thus allowing for more balanced experiences. As an example, R.E.A.L Kids’ MI based curriculum supports the learning of each unique individual through personalised methods and multi-dimensional lessons, leading to holistic growth and development.
Here are the 8 intelligences in a nutshell, for you to explore how your child is smart, so you too can better support their growth and development.
Howard Gardner’s 8 Multiple Intelligences
1. Linguistic Intelligence: Demonstrates a strong affinity in various aspects of language, with effective verbal communication, writing, comprehension, and storytelling.
For example, a child might engage in imaginative play where they create and act out stories using dolls, puppets, or action figures.
2. Visual-Spatial Intelligence: Has a good understanding of space, shape, and form, with the ability to visualise and mentally manipulate objects and environments.
For example, a child might demonstrate an ability to mentally rotate or manipulate objects in their play.
3. Musical Intelligence: Displays a profound sensitivity to rhythm, melody, and harmony, and is able to create, appreciate, and express oneself through music.
For example, a child may spontaneously sing or hum along to songs and melodies, demonstrating an appreciation for music.
4. Logical-Mathematical Intelligence: Exhibits exceptional abilities in critical thinking, problem-solving, pattern recognition, mathematical and logical reasoning.
For example, a child might show an interest in sorting objects based on attributes like colour, shapes, or sizes.
5. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence: Demonstrates excellent physical coordination, dexterity, and control, with an enhanced awareness of body movements.
For example, a child may show an interest in activities that require fine motor skills, such as drawing, painting, or threading beads.
6. Interpersonal Intelligence: Understands and connects with others, and has effective empathy with good communication and collaborative skills.
For example, a child may demonstrate empathy by sharing toys with others or by comforting a friend who is upset.
7. Intrapersonal Intelligence: Shows self-awareness, introspection, and a deep understanding of one’s own emotions, motivations, and personal strengths.
For example, a child might display an awareness of their own emotions by expressing and using words to describe when they are happy, sad, or frustrated.
8. Naturalist Intelligence: Exhibits a profound connection and appreciation for the natural world.
For example, a child might demonstrate an appreciation for the beauty of nature by collecting leaves, flowers, or rocks and examining them closely.
Tips for Parents
Intelligence is a snapshot: Remember that intelligence is fluid and can change over time. Avoid labelling and confining your children to an innate or unchangeable type of intelligence.
Support a growth mindset: Instil in your child a belief in their capacity to learn and improve across different areas. Foster a growth mindset by highlighting the importance of hard work, resilience and perseverance.
Look at the value of all the intelligences: Recognise that intelligence extends beyond the boundaries of traditional linguistic and mathematical skills. By utilising and developing these intelligences, your children will be able to enhance their overall cognitive abilities.
Engage your child in different ways: Provide opportunities for your child to express themselves through different intelligences. For instance, a creative story can be told through written words, drawings, a skit, or even a song.
Here’s to supporting our children in their journey of discovery and development across all intelligences, #makchicmumsquad!
This is a sponsored post by R.E.A.L Kids.
If you would like to find out how multi-award-winning preschool R.E.A.L Kids can support your child with their Multiple Intelligence based learning, enquire online here. There’s a mid-year promo happening until 30th June 2023 too, with 100% registration fee waiver, 1 free school uniform, and RM50 AEON shopping vouchers when you join and become a R.E.A.L Kids student!*
[*Terms and Conditions apply]